Thursday, 25 May 2017

Landscape design

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

'Water stair' fountain in the garden at Villa Vizcaya

Landscape design is an independent profession and a design and art tradition, practised by landscape designers, combining nature and culture. In contemporary practice, landscape design bridges the space between landscape architecture and garden design.[1]


1 Design scope

2 Design approach

3 Training

4 Gardening

5 See also

6 References

D esign scope

Knot Garden at Little Moreton Hall, Cheshire

Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the s pecific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. The practical, aesthetic, horticultural, and environmental sustainability are also components of landscape design. It is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design. Landscape designers often collaborate with related disciplines such as architecture and geography, soils and civil engineering, surveying, landscape contracting, botany, and artisan specialties.

Design projects may involve two different professional roles: landscape design and landscape architecture.

Landscape design typically involves artistic composition and artisanship, horticultural finesse and expertise, and emphasis on detailed site involvement from conceptual stages through to final construction.

Landscape architecture focuses more on urban planning, city and regional parks, civic and corporate landscapes, large scale interdisciplinary projects, and delegation to contractors after completing designs.

There c an be significant overlap of talent and skill between the two roles, depending on the education, licensing, and experience of the professional. Both landscape designers and landscape architects practice landscape design.[2]

Design approach

Design factors include objective qualities such as: climate and microclimates; topography and orientation, site drainage and groundwater recharge; municipal and resource building codes; soils and irrigation; human and vehicular access and circulation; recreational amenities (i.e.: sports and water); furnishings and lighting; native plant habitat botany when present; property safety and security; construction detailing; and other measurable considerations.

View of the sunken gardens at Butchart Gardens

Design factors also include subjective qualities such as: genius loci (the special site qualities to emphasize); client's needs and preferences; desirable plants and elements to retain on site, modify, or replace, and that may be available for borrowing of scenery ("shakkei") from beyond; artistic composition from perspectives of both looking upon and observing from within; spatial development and definition--using lines, sense of scale, and balance and symmetry; plant palettes; and artistic focal points for enjoyment. There are innumerable other design factors and considerations brought to t he complex process of designing a garden that is beautiful, well-functioning, and that thrives over time.

The up-and-coming practice of online landscape design allows professional landscapers to remotely design and plan sites through manipulation of two-dimensional images without ever physically visiting the location. Due to the frequent lack of non-visual, supplementary data such as soil assessments and pH tests, online landscaping necessarily must focus on incorporating only plants which are tolerant across many diverse soil conditions.[3]

Villa d'Este fountains


Historically, landscape designers trained by apprenticing--such as Andr Le Ntre, who apprenticed with his father before designing the Gardens of Versailles--to accomplished masters in the field, with the titular name varying and reputation paramount for a career. The professional section of garden designers in Europe and the Americas went by the name 'Landscape Gardener.' In the 1890s, the distinct classification of landscape architect was created, with educational and licensing test requirements for using the title legally. Beatrix Farrand, the sole woman in the founding group, refused the title preferring Landscape Gardener. Matching the client and technical needs of a project, and the appropriate practitioner with talent, legal qualifications, and experienced skills, surmounts title nomenclature.

Institutional education in landscape design appeared in the early 20th century. Over time it became available at various levels. Ornamental horticulture programs with design components are offered at community college and universities within schools of agriculture or horticulture, with some beginning to offer garden or landscape design certificates and degrees. Departments of landscape architecture are located within university schools of architecture or environmental design, with undergraduate and graduate degrees offered. Specialties and minors are available in horticultural botany, horticulture, natural resources, landscape engineering, construction management, fine and applied arts, and landscape design history. Traditionally, hand drawn drawings documented the design and position of features for construction, but Landscape design software is frequently used now.

Other routes of training are through informal apprenticeships with practicing landscape designers, landscape architects, landscape contractors, gardeners, nurseries and garden centers, and docent programs at botanical a nd public gardens. Since the landscape designer title does not have college degree or licensing requirements to be used, there is a very wide range of sophistication, aesthetic talent, technical expertise, and specialty strengths to be responsibly matched with specific client and project requirements.


Many landscape designers have an interest and involvement with gardening, personally or professionally. Some integrate this scope with their design practice, informally or as licensed landscape contractors. Gardens are dynamic and not static after construction and planting are completed, and so in some ways are 'never done.' Involvement with landscape management and direction of ongoing garden direction, evolution, and care depend on the professional's and client's needs and inclinations. As with the other interrelated landscape discipl ines, there can be overlap of services offered under the titles of landscape designer or professional gardener.[4]

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Landscape design.

Garden design

Landscape architecture

Landscape assessment

Landscape design history

Landscape planning

Space in landscape design

Concrete landscape curbing












Book design

Corpo rate design

Exhibit design

Film title design

Graphic design


Postage stamp design

Print design


Information design

Instructional design

News design


Retail design

Signage/ Traffic sign design

Typography/ Type design

Video design

Visual merchandising




Architectural lighting design

Building design

Passive solar

Ecological design

Environmental impact design

Garden design


Healthy community design

Hotel design

Interior architecture

Interior design


Keyline design

Landscape architecture


Landscape design

Spatial design

Urban design



Automotive design

Automotive suspension design

CMF design
< br>Corrugated box design

Electric guitar design

Furniture design


Hardware interface design

Motorcycle design

Packaging and labeling

Photographic lens design

Product design

Production design

Sensory design

Service design



Experience design


Game design

Level design

Video game design

Hardware interface design

Icon design

Immersive design

Information design

Sonic interaction design

User experience design

User interface design

Web design


applied arts

Public art design

Ceramic/ glass design

Fashion design

Costume design

Jewelry design

Floral design

Game art design

Property design

Scenic design

Sound design

Stage/set lighting design

Textile design


& engineering

Algorithm design

Boiler design

Conceptual design

Database design

Drug design

Electrical system design

Experimental design

Filter design

Job design

Integrated circuit design

Circuit design

Physical design

Power network design

Nuclear weapon design

Nucleic acid design

Organization design

Process design

Processor design

Protein design

Research design

Social design

Software design

Spacecraft design

Strategic design

Systems design



Adaptive web


By committee

By contract

C-K theory








Creative problem-solving

Creativity techniques


Design fiction







Energy neutral

Engineering design process

Probabilistic design




For assembly

For behaviour change

For manufacturability

For Six Sigma

For testing

For X






Integrated topside



KISS principle



Mind mapping


New Wave








Public interest



Reliability engineering





Sustainabl e



Tableless web

Theory of constraints

Top-down and bottom-up





Design for All





User innovation


Value sensitive

Privacy by

Design choice















Intellectual property





Architectural model


Comprehensive layout



Virtual home design software


Design quality indicator

Electronic design automation



Product design specification




Technical drawing

Web design program

Website wireframe



Community design

Design around

Design patent


Industrial design rights

European Union



Chartered Society of Designers

Design and Industries Association

Design Council

Internatio nal Forum Design

The Design Society

Design Research Society


European Design Award

German Design Award

Good Design Award (Chicago)

Good Design Award (Japan)


IF product design award

James Dyson Award

Prince Philip Designers Prize

Related topics


Concept art

Creative industries

Cultural icon


Enterprise architecture

Futures studies

Intelligent design

New product development

Philosophy of design

Process simulation

Slow design

STEAM fields

Unintelligent design


Wicked problem

Design brief





elements and principles






















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Saturday, 22 April 2017

Is Your Yard Looking Dowdy? Brighten It Up With This Helpful Landscaping Advice!

Landscaping your front yard adds value to your residence. It becomes attractive and suitable for future sale. It creates a setting that makes it very relaxing. The trees obstruct the sunlight from penetrating your property, thus, making it cooler on sunny days. The plants reduce greenhouse gasses and produce fresh, clean air during the night. Indeed, home landscaping supplies a lot of advantages. Here are some tips regarding how to landscape your own home:

The first lawn care business card is intended for those who are keeping a low budget and do not want to spend a good deal on ink. It's a bold, straight-forward monochrome design that features two tree "cutouts" within the top bar to help tie the theme back to landscaping, lawn care, or gardening businesses. The bold, yet very professional design helps it to face out from other grayscale cards and never having to rely on color or images.

The value of your home, whether residential or commercial, is entirely dependent on certain factors. These factors influence the selling along with the buying expense of the property. There are innumerable elements which might be latched on to a property the other of them is landscaping. It is advisable that you simply hire a Dubai Landscaping company to revive the beauty of your outdoors which has a design that is matchless. Dubai landscape architecture had consolidated its imprint around the sands of time and has progressed by extreme measures. Embarking on Dubai landscape design assures you of top notch creative aspects and thorough professionalism. However, there are certain guidelines that you just have to consider before plunging into landscaping viz. selecting a good company to handle the entire process so that it delivers laudable results.

We will probably never discover who the true invento r Sprinkler Installation from the leaf blower is. Yet, we are able to be quite certain that the first commercially ready backpack leaf blower was developed in 1970 by the Japanese Kyoritsu company that we understand today as Echo. The PB-9 Backpack Power Blower was not the 1st blowing machine built by Kyoritsu. The company pioneered the creation of what are called backpack power dusters that have been used to spray pesticides on plants. The story goes that men and women started to dismantle mit spray unit and used the unit to blow leaves and debris out of their property. It is a realistic story. It is not difficult to reckon that the company engineers saw the demand for something that blows leaves and designed the PB-9.

What are the benefits of using recycled glass for landscaping decoration? Glass mulch is low maintenance; it doesn't require any effort for upkeep once installed. It also is beneficial for problems wit h weeds or poor drainage. Glass behaves as a deterrent to slugs. To install, set down landscape fabric for your desired area, followed by a layer of pea gravel. Then Gardening cover with tumbled glass. Use whatever colors you need ' calming greens, bright blues, clear crystal, or perhaps a blend of brighter colors.

Thursday, 20 April 2017

What Is Landscaping & How It Increases Property Value

Landscaping :: No Cost Landscaping Ideas. (Page 1 of 2)

In order to begin a outbound telemarketing strategy for your landscaping business you must begin with developing a script which will work. It is almost always better than create your own script based on principals which work in lieu of using a canned script you have on the web. There are numerous causes of this included in this:

The amount of plastics generated shows the enormous risk of recycled products. Nearly 80 times more plastics were generated in 2007 compared to 1960. Soft drink bottle and milk jug recycling showed the best recycling rate. The advantage of recycling is due to the nature Sprinkler System of plastic resins, plastics can be continually recycled.

About 68 percent of all architects just work at various positions and levels in the architectural, engi neering, and related services industry. Such mainstream architects plan and design the construction's appearance, aesthetic appeal, layout, keeping air-conditioners and ventilation systems, structural integrity, and strength. The role with the architect starts at the conception in the project and ends if the project is complete, and entails providing technical and other drawings for that construction.

One of the most common mistakes that will increase your landscaping expenses is opting for cheap services. Of course, it may seem that you can save a lot of cash by choosing cheap services. But, as there is a proclaiming that goes, "you get that which you pay for." Do not expect top quality services and standards that will match your needs in case you paid for something cheap. As a result, you might need to hire another landscaping expert immediately.

The second landscaped garden is the Chaniwa Gardens which are the tea gardens. As you might have guessed, they were basi cally established for celebrating tea ceremonies. You are sure to recognize stepping stones in these gardens. By following these, you may Sprinkler System Installation end up in the tea house. You would also see stone lanterns along with a tsukubai that's a stone basin, where you may wash the hands and clean yourself before joining this tea party. So, the structure of these gardens includes a tea house this also is where the ceremony has been held in reality. They are fashioned in artistic plainness in order to conform to the conceptions of the tea ceremony.

Wednesday, 19 April 2017

How for you to Recycle Laundry water & Irrigate Your Current Yard using Greywater













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What can occur in the wedding you combine a couple of molecules involving hydrogen then one molecule regarding oxygen? Regarding something, you could change the world. In the actual event that the subsequent oxidation-reduction reaction can be unfamiliar, please consider a excellent hard look in world wide web marketing anyway, because this easy chemical method may permanently alter environmental as well as political lan dscapes through the next ten years:

A house appraisal is simply a survey of an residence made by an expert to supply an opinion about the property's value. often this can easily be performed upon behalf of a bank once the home's owner or perhaps possible buyer is seeking for a fresh loan around the home. The Particular appraisal discusses a quantity of factors, such as the neighborhood, location, values involving other homes along along with the length of the time similar homes decide to become in the position to try sell. yet the most critical factors considered is the home's condition.

Already, recycled plastics have found any industry together with plastic lumber. According for the Plastic Lumber Company, Inc., 1 board foot regarding plastic lumber utilizes approximately 16 recycled milk jugs. This figure translates into a substantial reduction of landfill waste. Expanding that will target recycled plastic paving stones may raise the environmental benefits.
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Thursday, 30 March 2017

Why Metal Roofing is The New King Of Roofing Materials

The covering extraordinary of a building can develop leaks, low areas or missing shingles with time which is when a licensed roofing contractor needs to become contacted to execute repairs on any such damage. This article explains the three basic forms of shingles and tiles which are produced. Not many contractors will work on fixed price contracts, and there will often be extra costs that you simply haven't budgeted for. The roof not only keeps the elements out, it protects the walls and foundations from internal water damage, so it should be kept in tiptop condition. Although you may prefer doing work around your house yourself, you should always leave metal roof installation to professionals.

Excessive heat and UV rays from sunlight can cause roofs, especially wooden, to deteriorate. Homeowners must not risk their monetary investment by using an itinerant company that can produce poor results then disappear after the job is completed. The original copies are believed to become better given that they are professionals in the roofing services. Try using binoculars to have a broad take a glance at the roof's condition. What Causes a Heater to Stop Working?.

Roof repairs, Sydney? Leave it for the professional team at Arrow Roofing, the best roofers in Sydney. You must learn that you can find low quality materials that generally wear off easily. profile, Plain sheets, greca profile etc. Make certain you might be fulfilling all the installation requirements for a particular type of roofing material. These are the causes why more homeowners are switching to metal for their housetop covering needs.

If you do opt to call in the roofing service to correct the leak it may cost between one hundred fifty to eight hundred dollars, depending on the severity of the leak, the length of time it will take to repair it, and what needs being completed to fix the leak. The stains ar e available in a variety of forms like solid, semi-solid etc. If there happen being any extra nails you'll need to take them out and replace them. Go ahead and become prepared to ask a few tough questions and expect real answers which you understand and can abide by. Look for feedbacks to figure out what to expect from their services.

Third, ask for that quantity of people who works together. Creosote solution will be the most popularly used option for that red cedar shingles. Roofing jobs can be expensive, however with periodic checks, the chance of bigger, more expensive, surprise repairs is likely to be reduced. When climbing up for the roof you'll need to produce certain you have a good sturdy ladder to climb on. Page 1 of 2 :: First - Last :: Prev - 1 2 - Next.

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Friday, 24 March 2017

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Familiar with Japanese landscape gardens? Well, it's been a very important art of Japanese society, dating back several centuries. The three broad divisions of such gardens are hill gardens, tea gardens and dry gardens. Let̢۪s see what are the differences among these three are and just how much do they actually connect with their names.

Glass is among the most frequently recycled materials. Its simple, pure origins (sand and limestone) ensure it is an ideal substance to become broken down and efficiently remade. It can be recycled multiple times, making the long-term use of the original product quite remarkable. This characteristic makes glass a very eco-friendly substance, as you possibly can utilized as often and ways as people can find a way to put it to use. Recycled glass can be used everything from manufacturing new softdrink bottles to getting recycled glass in ponds and landscaping.

Earlier versions of solar garden lights did not have LED lamps powerful enough to offer the same brightness that traditional filament bulbs would. But now solar technology has improved in a way that a medium strength solar garden light can produce a light similar to that of a 40 watt bulb. That makes choosing solar garden lights a brilliant choice.

One of the most common mistakes that will increase your landscaping expenses is picking cheap services. Of course, you may be thinking that you can save a lot of money by choosing cheap services. But, while there is a stating that goes, "you get everything you pay for." Do not expect excellent services and standards that could match your needs in case you paid for something cheap. As a result, you may want to hire another landscapi ng expert immediately.

As mentioned above, different flowers might be attractive. And, one of the primary reasons is a result of their colourful and vivid flowers. Homeowners may make use of these colours to create unique features of their properties. For instance, individuals could make use of warm-coloured plants to produce a flower pit. This can help you create an illusion of an fire pit with your property which could be very appealing.

Friday, 3 March 2017

Landscaping :: The Best time Of The Entire Year To Buy Storage Sheds? The Fall. Here's Why

Gardening trends are simply the same as some other fashion. You will need being prepared if you are going to get your lawn to look its best during the summer season. This can be the season for certain routine lawn care measures being taken. You will discover some informative tips within this article which will assist you to to consider good good care of your lawn.

Maintain your Lawn. Creating a solid USP (Unique Selling Proposition) can be a very good way to start out when working on your brand. Finally, think in regards to the placement of any garden features or fences if you're blocking out an excessive amount of light then this may cause your lawn to struggle as well.

Try not to plant trees and shrubs that tend to grow too much or too wide. Further information on lawn care at http://www. To make the lawn green and beautiful, you have to feed it with water daily. Rotating blades and cylinders is surely an ongoing job. Homemade Watering Can.

The most important t hing that you simply can do for your yard would be to have a plan also to execute it. The lawn care that you will probably be using within the summer season will require being handled with plenty of control in mind. Think concerning the pacing too. Pests are not only hazardous to your lawn, but possibly to you and your family. Know simply how much to charge per square foot .

The most critical thing which you can perform to your yard would be to use a plan also to execute it. By removing only a touch of leaf material with each mowing, we have been training the lawn to grow in a lower height of computer normally would, the reduced height we would like is simply the ideal height we wish our lawn to stay at. The running and sharp movements work everything from your feet and legs to your core and also your upper body.

Do--apply occasional pesticide or herbicide to your lawn. It jZk also counteracts thatch, which can be formed by dead layers of grass over new growth. If you neglect to water hydro-seed once it is applied, it's going to still germinate and little tiny grass plants will appear. Entering a cost war can hurt your organization profitability and you'll use a hard time staying afloat using a low profit margin. Use Vegetable Water When Fertilising.

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Saturday, 18 February 2017

A Wealth Of Knowledge in Home Remodeling

The latest click-together laminate flooring installations transform from kitchens to dining rooms and home offices into elegant, low-maintenance living areas. It's often the place where everyone gets together as family or friends. The extra man hours can add up on a given project and consume profits. As you might be aware, expanding your home's existing structure will be more costly than making an inside home remodeling change.

If kitchen remodels are the king of most remodel projects, the bathroom remodel is unquestionably the queen. This way, when you're done you can conclude what time it took to get it done, how much money you've spent, the materials you've bought, etc. It is wiser to allow the experts install your new stove or sink. Copyright @ FK Domestics Ltd.

Visit the domain home page. Vinyl siding and windows are easy to install and maintain therefore your house will have a natural look. Vinyl siding and windows are easy to install and gaze after and so your house will possess a natural look. Task lighting can also be inexpensive to install in your kitchen. Basement moisture control is but one area noted for scams and/or shoddy, unnecessary work.

Your first step would be to prepare your cabinets, removing each little hardware and every door, and marking the location on each one they came from. The price of the garage conversion can vary greatly-depending on factors such as plumbing, electrical, insulation, etc. But on this case fashion maniacs are lucky to get many good causes of following these current trends.

Find a property remodeling contractor in Arizona that has a history of solid, honest workmanship. Still, don't forget that this really is your home and your kitchen - it expires to you to accomplish it your way. Whilst talking costs, it will probably be worth mentioning that whilst remodeling a bathroom will surely cost money, it is something that can last a long time, will reduce further maintenance costs and will often increase the need for your home.

Friday, 17 February 2017

Bathroom Remodel - The Plan

How often would you remodel or redecorate your home? Once a year, whenever something breaks inside your household, and/or only when you will find repairs being made? Whatever your reason may be, home remodeling in Hillcrest just isn't merely a process for fixing and reconstructing certain areas inside your house that might need improvement it's also an art form that handle improving or regaining comfort within your home. The costs can be trimmed somewhat by doing some of the work yourself. The extra man hours can accumulate on a given project and consume profits. Often the basement is made to accommodate work and play, media rooms, storage and craft areas and many other uses.

Bathroom lighting Fixtures. This are needed if you do not need to complete the job yourself or even if you just want to observe how much you will save by doing the work yourself. One best part concerning this loan is you are not restricted to everything you can buy for the project. While it can be tempting to choose a loan with all the lowest down payment, you may save a lot more income by picking a loan with the lowest interest rate.

Usually it is only necessary to use two coats. Of course, this really is subject for the type of renovation and site of your home. A kitchen style center will have specialists on hand to react any one of your certain concerns. Keep in mind that a building permit is usually required when performing structural work or when a home's basic living space is changed.

Home Remodeling Contractor Arizona: Quality French Doors in ArizonaInstalling French doors can be described as a breeze, with all the help of your reputable home remodeling contractor in Arizona. Just getting new pulls and knobs for cabinets and drawers will add a new look within your kitchen. Just getting new pulls and knobs for cabinets and drawers will add a fresh look in your kitchen. Renovating the Original Internal Rooms of Your Bungalow.

Find a property remodeling contractor in Arizona which has a track record of solid, honest workmanship. Still, don't forget that this is your property and your kitchen - it comes to an end to you personally to accomplish it your way. com/id6html.